Family Name: Zingiberaceae , English Name : Turmeric, Sanskrit: Haridra , Hindi : Haladi

Turmeric is very familiar as it is one the main ingredients of Indian cooking. It is also famous as it is used in many religious activities. It is also used in cosmetics. It has several varieties. Main ones are:
1. Curcuma longa : It is used in spices

Curcuma aromatica (Mango ginger)-Its root and leaves have a smell very similar to camphor mixed mango. That is why it is known as mango ginger.
Berberis aristata : It has characteristics similar to turmeric. Its decoction mixed with equal amount of milk and cooked. When it evaporates to one fourth in volume it becomes thick and is known as rasanjan or rasot. It is very beneficial for eyes.

The commonly used turmeric plants are 2-3 feet tall. The leaves are long spear shaped like bamboo leaves and somewhat like banana leaves. They smell like mango. The flowers are yellow and sparse with long stems.
Being bitter and sharp it cures cough. It refines blood and normalizes blood cell levels. It is tasty and is an astringent. It accumulates urine and makes it clear. It is very effective in curing urinary diseases. Its paste relieves swelling and oedema. It is anti-dermatoses, cleanses and cures wounds and ulcers. Its fumes are useful for curing hiccoughs, bronchial asthma, and an antidote to oison. It cures cold and cough, hepatitis, diarrhoea, urinary diseases, jaundice, skin disorders and eye ailments.
It is used to treat following ailments:
Cough & Cold
Stomach pain
Urinary disorders
Discharge from vagina

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