Family Name: Liliaceae ,English Name: Onion ,Sanskrit : Palandu ,Hindi : Pyaz
Based on the colour onion is found in 2 verities- red and white. It is biennial plant is 2-3 feet tall. Leaves are long, muscular, hollow and cylindrical. Flower stalk is long and green in colour. The tip has small white flowers.
Bulb of onion contain proteins, carbohydrates, calcium, iron, vitamin A,B, and C and its leaves contain a volatile oil with very unpleasant odour. It also contains stable oil which contains disulphide.
As per Ayurveda, onion relives pain, cures oedema and swelling, subsides inflammation and cures skin disorders. It is spermatogenic, coagulates blood and improves physical strength.
It is used to treat following: